Model Project : Faridabad (1987 - 89)

  • The survey conducted in 4 villages of Faridabad district viz. Bhanakpur, Karnera, Samaypur, Sikrona revealed:
  • Safe and unsafe sources of drinking water co-exists and safe sources are used for human consumption.
    The prevalence of Non-skeletal, Dental and Skeletal Fluorosis in children, men and women to a large extend can be correlated with fluoride in drinking water and the extent of contamination

Table 1 and Table 2 reveals the observation made from the above survey.

Table 1*:

Epidemiological survey data of 4 villages in Faridabad District in Haryana focusing on hundred percent water source testing for fluoride

Name of  the 4 Villages surveyed in Faridabad District

Population

Total Water Samples existing and     tested

Fluoride level with permissible limit
(i.e. safe sources)

Contaminated sources with fluoride

Extent of Fluoride contamination (in ppm) in the drinking water sources

Bhanakpur

      559

          4

         3

1

1.5 - 1.6

Karnera

      315

        32

         3

29

1.5 - 6.9

Samaypur

      288

       36

        10

26

1.5 - 8.0

Sikrona

      578

         4

         3

1

1.5 - 5.4


Table 2 *: Epidemiological survey data:  Incidence of Fluorosis among Children, Men & Women of 4 Villages in Faridabad District in Haryana.

 

Non-Skeletal Fluorosis

Dental Fluorosis

Skeletal Fluorosis

Villages

Children

Men

Woman

Children

Men

Women

Children

Men

Women

Bhanakpur

2.3

5

21

16

8

21

0.1

3

11

Karnera             

16.0

28

56 

34

27

38

10

21

69

Samaypur

8.0

38

54

7

47

36

6.0

33

58

Sikrona

2.5

6

17

22

16

22

1.5

4

12

All figures are in % 
Children : below 15 years - In a village with ‘X’ population, the disease prevalence could be a maximum of 3 times more as one may have all 3 types of Fluorosis.

* Source of Information:  Susheela et al., Fluoride, Vol. 26: 97 – 104, 1993.